OG Test 2 - Reading 4

Questions 33-42 are based on the following passage.

This passage is adapted from Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s address to the 1869 Woman Suffrage Convention in Washington ,DC.
I urge a sixteenth amendment , because" manhood
suffrage ,"or a man`s government, is civil, religious,
and social disorganization. The male element is a
Linedestructive force , stern, selfish ,aggrandizing ,loving
5war, violence, conquest, acquisition, breeding in the
material and moral world alike discord, disorder,
disease ,and death. See what a record of blood and
cruelty the pages of history reveal! Through what
slavery, slaughter, and sacrifice, through what
10inquisition sand imprisonments, pains and
persecutions , black codes and gloomy creeds, the
soul of humanity has struggled for the centuries,
while mercy has veiled her face and all hearts have
been dead alike to love and hope!
15The male element has held high carnival thus far;
it has fairly run riot from the beginning,
overpowering the feminine element everywhere,
crushing out all the diviner qualities in human
nature, until we know but little of true manhood and
20womanhood, of the latter comparatively nothing, for
it has scarce been recognized as a power until within
the last century. Society is but the reflection of man
himself, untempered by woman`s thought; the hard
iron rule we feel alike in the church, the state, and the
25home.No one need wonder at the disorganization, at
the fragmentary condition of everything ,when we
remember that man ,who represents but half a
complete being, with but half an idea on every
subject, has undertaken the absolute control of all
30sublunary matters.
People object to the demands of those whom they
choose to call the strong-minded, because they say
" the right of suffrage will make the women
masculine ."That is just the difficulty in which we are
35involved today. Though disfranchised, we have few
women in the best sense; we have simply so many
reflections, varieties, and dilutions of the masculine
gender. The strong, natural characteristics of
womanhood are repressed and ignored in
40dependence, for so long as man feeds woman she
will try to please the giver and adapt herself to his
condition. To keep a foothold in society, woman
must be as near like man as possible, reflect his ideas,
opinions, virtues, motives, prejudices, and vices. She
45must respect his statutes, though they strip her of
every inalienable right, and conflict with that higher
law written by the finger of God on her own soul....
...[M]an has been molding woman to his ideas
by direct and positive influences , while she ,if not a
50negation, has used indirect means to control him,
and in most cases developed the very characteristics
both in him and herself that needed repression.
And now man himself stands 30 appalled at the results
of his own excesses, and mourns in bitterness that
55falsehood, selfishness, and violence are the law of life.
The need of this hour is not territory, gold mines,
railroads, or specie payments but a new evangel of
womanhood, to exalt purity, virtue, morality, true
religion, to lift man up into the higher realms of
60thought and action.
We ask woman`s enfranchisement, as the first step
toward the recognition of that essential element in
government that can only secure the health, strength,
and prosperity of the nation. Whatever is done to lift
65woman to her true position will help to usher in a
new day of peace and perfection for the race.
In speaking of the masculine element , I do not
wish to be understood to say that all men are hard,
selfish, and brutal, for many of the most beautiful
70spirits the world has known have been clothed with
manhood; but I refer to those characteristics, though
often marked in woman, that distinguish what is
called the stronger sex. For example, the love of
acquisition and conquest, the very pioneers of
75civilization, when expended on the earth, the sea, the
elements, the riches and forces of nature, are powers
of destruction when used to subjugate one man to
another or to sacrifice nations to ambition.
Here that great conservator of woman`s love, if
80permitted to assert itself, as it naturally would in
freedom against oppression, violence, and war,
would hold all these destructive forces in check, for
woman knows the cost of life better than man does,
and not with her consent would one drop of blood
85ever be shed, one life sacrificed in vain.

Question 33

The central problem that Stanton describes in the passage is that women have been

  • A denied equal educational opportunities, which has kept them from reaching their potential.

  • B prevented from exerting their positive influence on men, which has led to societal breakdown.

  • C prevented from voting, which has resulted in poor candidates winning important elections.

  • D blocked by men from serving as legislators, which has allowed the creation of unjust laws.

Question 34

Stanton uses the phrase" high carnival" (line15) mainly to emphasize what she sees as the

  • A utter domination of women by men.

  • B freewheeling spirit of the age.

  • C scandalous decline in moral values.

  • D growing power of women in society.

Question 35

Stanton claims that which of the following was a relatively recent historical development?

  • A The control of society by men

  • B The spread of war and injustice

  • C The domination of domestic life by men

  • D The acknowledgment of women`s true character

Question 36

Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A Lines 3-7("The male...death")

  • B Lines 15-22("The male...century")

  • C Lines 22-25("Society...home")

  • D Lines 48-52("[M]an...repression")

Question 37

As used in line24,"rule"most nearly refers to

  • A a general guideline.

  • B a controlling force.

  • C an established habit.

  • D a procedural method.

Question 38

It can reasonably be inferred that" the strong-minded"(line32)was a term generally in tended to

  • A praise women who fight for their long-denied rights.

  • B identify women who demonstrate intellectual skill.

  • C criticize women who enter male-dominated professions.

  • D condemn women who agitate for the vote for their sex.

Question 39

As used in line36, "best" most nearly means

  • A superior.

  • B excellent.

  • C genuine.

  • D rarest.

Question 40

Stanton contends that the situation she describes in the passage has become so dire that even men have begun to

  • A lament the problems they have created.

  • B join the call for woman suffrage.

  • C consider women their social equals.

  • D ask women how to improve civic life.

Question 41

Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A Lines 25-30("No one...matters")

  • B Lines 53-55("And now...life")

  • C Lines 56-60("The need...action")

  • D Lines 61-64("We ask...nation")

Question 42

The sixth paragraph (lines 67-78) is primarily concerned with establishing a contrast between

  • A men and women.

  • B the spiritual world and the material world.

  • C bad men and good men.

  • D men and masculine traits.


  • 33
  • 34
  • 35
  • 36
  • 37
  • 38
  • 39
  • 40
  • 41
  • 42