OG Test 1 - Reading 1

Questions 1-10 are based on the following passage.

This passage is from Lydia Minatoya, The Strangeness of Beauty.©1999 by Lydia Minatoya. The setting is Japan in 1920. Chie and her daughter Naomi are members of the House of Fuji, a noble family.
Akira came directly, breaking all tradition. Was
that it? Had he followed form-had he asked his
mother to speak to his father to approach a
Linego-between-would Chie have been more receptive?
5He came on a winter`s eve. He pounded on the
door while a cold rain beat on the shuttered veranda,
so at first Chie thought him only the wind. The maid
knew better. Chie heard her soft scuttling footsteps,
the creak of the door. Then the maid brought a
10calling card to the drawing room, for Chie.
Chie was reluctant to go to her guest; perhaps she
was feeling too cozy. She and Naomi were reading at
a low table set atop a charcoal brazier. A thick quilt
spread over the sides of the table so their legs were
15tucked inside with the heat.
"Who is it at this hour, in this weather?" Chie
questioned as she picked the name card off the
maid`s lacquer tray.
"Shinoda, Akira. Kobe Dental College," she read.
20Naomi recognized the name. Chie heard a soft
intake of air.
"I think you should go," said Naomi.
Akira was waiting in the entry. He was in his early
twenties, slim and serious, wearing the black
25military-style uniform of a student. As he
bowed-his hands hanging straight down, a
black cap in one, a yellow oil-paper umbrella in
the other-Chie glanced beyond him. In the glistening
surface of the courtyard`s rain-drenched paving
30stones, she saw his reflection like a dark double.
"Madame," said Akira, "forgive my disruption,
but I come with a matter of urgency."
His voice was soft, refined. He straightened and
stole a deferential peek at her face.
35In the dim light his eyes shone with sincerity.
Chie felt herself starting to like him.
"Come inside, get out of this nasty night. Surely
your business can wait for a moment or two."
"I don`t want to trouble you. Normally I would
40approach you more properly but I`ve received word of a
position. I`ve an opportunity to go to America, as
dentist for Seattle`s Japanese community."
"Congratulations," Chie said with amusement.
"That is an opportunity, I`m sure. But how am I
Even noting Naomi`s breathless reaction to the
name card, Chie had no idea. Akira`s message,
delivered like a formal speech, filled her with
maternal amusement. You know how children speak
50so earnestly, so hurriedly, so endearingly about
things that have no importance in an adult`s mind?
That`s how she viewed him, as a child.
It was how she viewed Naomi. Even though
Naomi was eighteen and training endlessly in the arts
55needed to make a good marriage, Chie had made no
effort to find her a husband.
Akira blushed.
"Depending on your response, I may stay in
Japan. I`ve come to ask for Naomi`s hand."
60Suddenly Chie felt the dampness of the night.
"Does Naomi know anything of your...
"We have an understanding. Please don`t judge
my candidacy by the unseemliness of this proposal. I
65ask directly because the use of a go-between takes
much time. Either method comes down to the same
thing: a matter of parental approval. If you give your
consent, I become Naomi`s yoshi.* We`ll live in the
House of Fuji. Without your consent, I must go to
70America, to secure a new home for my bride."
Eager to make his point, he`d been looking her full
in the face. Abruptly, his voice turned gentle. "I see
I`ve startled you. My humble apologies. I`ll take no
more of your evening. My address is on my card. If
75you don`t wish to contact me, I`ll reapproach you in
two weeks` time. Until then, good night."
He bowed and left. Taking her ease, with effortless
grace, like a cat making off with a fish.
"Mother?" Chie heard Naomi`s low voice and
80turned from the door. "He has asked you?"
The sight of Naomi`s clear eyes, her dark brows
gave Chie strength. Maybe his hopes were
"Where did you meet such a fellow? Imagine! He
85thinks he can marry the Fuji heir and take her to
America all in the snap of his fingers!"
Chie waited for Naomi`s ripe laughter.
Naomi was silent. She stood a full half minute
looking straight into Chie`s eyes. Finally, she spoke.
90"I met him at my literary meeting."
Naomi turned to go back into the house, then
95"I mean to have him."

*a man who marries a woman of higher status and takes her family’s name

Question 1

Which choice best describes what happens in the passage?

  • A One character argues with another character who intrudes on her home.

  • B One character receives a surprising request from another character.

  • C One character reminisces about choices she has made over the years.

  • D One character criticizes another character for pursuing an unexpected course of action.

Question 2

Which choice best describes the developmental pattern of the passage?

  • A A careful analysis of a traditional practice

  • B A detailed depiction of a meaningful encounter

  • C A definitive response to a series of questions

  • D A cheerful recounting of an amusing anecdote

Question 3

As used in line 65, "directly" most nearly means

  • A frankly.

  • B confidently.

  • C without mediation.

  • D with precision.

Question 4

Which reaction does Akira most fear from Chie?

  • A She will consider his proposal inappropriate.

  • B She will mistake his earnestness for immaturity.

  • C She will consider his unscheduled visit an imposition.

  • D She will underestimate the sincerity of his emotions.

Question 5

Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A line 33("His voice...refined")

  • B lines 49-51("You...mind")

  • C lines 63-64("Please...proposal")

  • D lines 71-72("Eager...face")

Question 6

In the passage, Akira addresses Chie with

  • A affection but not genuine love.

  • B objectivity but not complete impartiality.

  • C amusement but not mocking disparagement.

  • D respect but not utter deference.

Question 7

The main purpose of the first paragraph is to

  • A describe a culture.

  • B criticize a tradition.

  • C question a suggestion.

  • D analyze a reaction.

Question 8

As used in line 2, "form" most nearly means

  • A appearance.

  • B custom.

  • C structure.

  • D nature.

Question 9

Why does Akira say his meeting with Chie is "a matter of urgency" (line 32)?

  • A He fears that his own parents will disapprove of Naomi.

  • B He worries that Naomi will reject him and marry someone else.

  • C He has been offered an attractive job in another country.

  • D He knows that Chie is unaware of his feelings for Naomi.

Question 10

Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

  • A line 39("I don`t...you")

  • B lines 39-42("Normally...community")

  • C lines 58-59("Depending...Japan")

  • D lines 72-73("I see...you")


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